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Technologies that turned the world upside down

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Over the past 20 years, the world has seen the emergence of technologies and product categories that have dramatically changed the way we live. These disruptive technologies range from cloud computing and lithium-ion batteries to 3D printing and container virtualization.

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Mobile Internet, 4G / LTE

Mobile Internet is something that we cannot do without in everyday life. Texting, searching for something on Google, or even visiting a UK casino. 4G is the fourth generation of wireless mobile infrastructure used in most modern smartphones. The name LTE stands for Long-Term Evolution, a standard for “high-speed wireless transmission of data to mobile phones and other data-enabled terminals (such as local area networks)”.

These two technologies have helped smartphones and other portable devices gain popularity. They have created an entirely new platform for computing, online commerce, communications, and more.

Cloud computing

Before the advent of cloud computing, businesses had their networking equipment that had to be maintained no matter how often it was used. If the servers are overloaded, they will not have options. Companies like Amazon Web Services have introduced an alternative approach, cloud computing.

Organizations can rent a server of the appropriate size and capacity at any time. Server usage has been charged. Once it stops working, the customer stops paying. With this innovation, companies of all sizes can access cost-effective computing and storage services, and startups can take advantage of them at a much lower cost.

Cloud computing has proven to be so revolutionary that companies like Netflix use Amazon Web Services servers. Individuals store data on remote Dropbox and Google Drive servers and can access them at any time.

touch screen

The first touch screen was invented in 1965, but it wasn’t until the release of the iPhone in 2007 that the technology became widespread commercially. Subsequent iPods, iPads, and smartphones from other companies also used the technology. Nowadays, touch screens can be found almost anywhere engineers can place them: at museum ticket self-service kiosks, on game consoles, and at ordering tables in restaurants.


Of all the disruptive technologies, Wi-Fi has gone from “non-existent” to “widespread” the fastest. The broadband connection used by most Wi-Fi networks originated in the United States in 1985, and then the Wi-Fi Alliance organization was formed, which helped develop the technology itself. Although Wi-Fi technology was introduced in the 1990s, it didn’t really achieve popularity until the year 2000, when almost every laptop or electronic device was equipped with Wi-Fi. Around the same time, routers and wireless transmissions began to develop, and more devices that supported Wi-Fi connection at faster speeds began to appear. Thanks to Wi-Fi, the Internet has become an integral part of our daily lives.

Virtual Reality

Fiction writers have long dreamed of virtual reality, but there’s still a long way to go before it’s widely commercialized. However, technology has advanced greatly in recent years.

The latest generation of smartphones are compatible with budget versions of virtual reality devices such as Google Cardboard. Advanced gadgets like the Samsung Gear, HTC Vive, and Oculus Rift have made the virtual reality experience even more immersive, whether you’re watching a live show or playing a game. Startups like Lucid VR offer consumers devices to create VR content, such as a portable camera for shooting in virtual reality.

Obviously, virtual reality is not yet a dominant field, but its applications are expanding. Virtual reality is not only used in entertainment, but also in B2B services such as employee training, store layout, and medicine (for rehabilitation and patient training).